- Increased power is needed in the rapid developing world we have today.
- The need for electric power will continue to grow with the spread of urbanization and rising population
- Many World Organizations and the World Bank got behind the idea of hydropower as a ‘sustainable’ way of producing energy.
- Large Scale Hydropower does not benefit the local population and environment.
- Displaced people are often not given the appropriate housing and living conditions (their cultural beliefs are not considered).
- Displaced people are never given the compensation they were promised.
- Those living downstream no longer have fisheries and water to support themselves.
- Cultural artifacts and Archeological sites are lost.
- Building dams destroys the land nearby through earthquakes created because of the pressure of the water collected by the dam.
- Fish are unable to migrate upstream to spawn, decreasing the amount of fish available for food.
- Huge amounts of habitat is filled with water.
- Animals are disoriented by the sudden amount of water in their migration path, and they drown while trying to pursue their migration paths.
- Downstream less water is flowing, which endangers the ecosystems.
- Ecosystems are disrupted because many animals rely on the size, timing, and other seasonal changes to the water flow survive.
- Wildlife living downstream can go extinct.
- In warmer climates dams create a breading ground for diseases such as Malaria and Schistosomiasis.
- Increase in Salinization can occur. This causes natural salt to rise to the surface. Elevated groundwater and increased salt content has killed many trees and wetlands have been eliminated.
- Sedimentation also occurs in large dams.
- Hypoxia, a reduced oxygen content is damaging to aquatic life.
I would highly recommend reading Jacques Leslie’s book Deep Water it is very educational and shows the consequences of dams in different places all over the world. I would warn you that the book is dry at sometimes, but the benefit from reading it is well worth it.
China admits Three Georges Dam has ‘problems’
Large dams will affect the community living near the dam in the long-term. Take for example the Three Gorges Dam, as the above video stated, it has had a significant effect on the drought in China.
World Organizations, as well as the countries themselves, need to take into account the large impact building a big dam has on wildlife, culture, people, and weather. To be clear I am not against all dams, but there has to be a balance between energy demand and environmental consequences.
Did you know of the millions of people that have been displaced by dams? Do you think there is an equivalent compensation to them? There are many large scale dams being built in China, will anything be done to help the people who live there?
We never know the worth of water till the well is dry.